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US stocks closed lower on Thursday as investors continued to digest the Fed’s uncertain economic outlook and weekly jobless claims that still exceed the highs of the Great Recession.Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell’s comments on Wednesday expressed uncertainty in the economic recovery and mentioned that the Fed didn’t expect to raise interest rates until at least 2023.Additionally, weekly jobless claims fell by more than 30,000 from the previous week, to 860,000, though that was higher than the consensus estimate of 850,000. The current weekly jobless claim figures are still well above the 6650,000 peak reached during the Great Recession in 2009.Oil prices traded higher after reports that Saudia Arabia stressed OPEC+ compliance to its members. West Texas Intermediate crude jumped as much as 2.6%, to $41.22 per barrel.Watch major indexes update live here.

US stocks fell on Thursday as investors continued to digest comments from Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell and weekly jobless-claims data.

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s comments on Wednesday expressed uncertainty in the economic recovery and mentioned that the Fed didn’t expect to raise interest rates until at least 2023.

In a signal that the economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic is muddling along, weekly jobless claims fell by more than 30,000 from the previous week, to 860,000, slightly higher than the consensus estimate of 850,000.

The current weekly jobless claim figures are still well above the 6650,000 peak reached during the Great Recession in 2009.

Tech stocks led the decline even after the cloud-tech platform Snowflake staged the biggest initial public offering of the year on Wednesday. Its stock more than doubled in its first day of trading.

Here’s where US indexes stood at the 4 p.m. market close on Thursday:

S&P 500: 3,357.01, down 0.8%Dow Jones industrial average: 27,901.98, down 0.5% (130 points)Nasdaq composite: 10,910.28, down 1.3%

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Going forward, investors will likely turn their attention to additional stimulus measures from Congress. While Republicans and Democrats haven’t landed on the same page on a “skinny” deal, key negotiators have seemed increasingly optimistic about a deal, and pressure is mounting to get a deal done before the November election.

President Donald Trump on Wednesday said Republicans should warm up to the idea of sending bigger direct payments to Americans.

Meanwhile, technical traders likely have their eye on the 50-day moving average, as multiple US stock market indexes converge on the important support level.

Read more: Legendary options trader Tony Saliba famously put together 70 straight months of profits greater than $100,000. Here’s an inside look at the strategy that propelled him to millionaire status before age 25.

Elsewhere, Yelp said in a report that 60% of the 163,735 businesses that had closed in the US as of August 31 because of the pandemic wouldn’t reopen, suggesting that small businesses have fared worse than big ones. The total business closures represented a 23% jump since mid-July, Yelp said.

The SPAC craze continued as Richard Branson announced plans to launch a $400 million special-purpose acquisition company. Branson has experience with SPACs: His Virgin Galactic went public via merging with a SPAC led by the billionaire investor Chamath Palihapitiya.

Spot gold fell as much as 1.3%, to $1,932.95 per ounce. The US dollar extended its decline while Treasury yields were mostly flat.

Crude-oil futures rose markedly after Saudia Arabia stressed to OPEC+ members to stick to their production quotas and to not overproduce,according to Bloomberg. West Texas Intermediate crude jumped as much as 2.6%, to $41.22 per barrel. Brent crude, oil’s international standard, rose 3%, to $43.50 per barrel, at intraday highs.

Read more: 3 top investing executives lay out the biggest risks to markets heading into a volatile election season — and share their best recommendations for navigating what happens next

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Oil Bust

Investment in the U.S. shale sector will drop by half this year, the International Energy Agency said Wednesday, as access to capital and investor confidence dry up. American shale drillers helped the U.S. produce more than 13 million barrels of oil a day earlier in 2020—before the coronavirus pandemic forced governments world-wide to impose lockdowns and travel bans on their citizens. Now, the IEA expects the largest drop in global energy investment in history, with worldwide spending on oil and gas decreasing by a third and the financing of all energy projects declining by 20%, David Hodari reports.

That’s bad news for the economy. The energy sector helped lead the U.S. out of the last recession before falling oil prices caused a pullback in investment in 2015 and 2016. That doesn’t look likely to repeat as the country tries to emerge from a sharp, coronavirus-induced downturn.

WHAT TO WATCH TODAY

The Richmond Fed’s manufacturing survey for May is out at 10 a.m. ET.

The Federal Reserve’s beige book is out at 2 p.m. ET.

St. Louis Fed President James Bullard speaks at 12:30 p.m. ET and Atlanta Fed President Raphael Bostic speaks at 3 p.m. ET.

TOP STORIES

More Signs the Economy Is Stabilizing

U.S. consumer confidence held roughly steady in May as households worried about the present but grew a little more optimistic about future economic conditions.

Purchases of newly built single-family homes increased—a little—in April, a stronger-than-expected result during a period marked by stay-at-home orders and economic uncertainty.

And the Dallas Fed said: “The contraction seen in the Texas manufacturing sector seems to have peaked in April, as the pace of decline slowed notably in May.” Even so, the bank’s latest manufacturing survey showed production contracting for the second straight month.

In a nutshell: “The free fall started to stabilize in May, but the economy is in a really deep hole,” said Naroff Economics president Joel Naroff.

Back-to-Work Bonus

The Trump administration is examining proposals to provide cash incentives to encourage unemployed Americans to return to work. Larry Kudlow, the director of the White House National Economic Council, told Fox News the-back to-work bonus is “something we’re looking at very carefully.” Mr. Kudlow was asked about a proposal by Sen. Rob Portman (R., Ohio) to provide a temporary $450-a-week bonus for unemployed workers returning to work, on top of their wages, Andrew Restuccia reports.

Republicans joined with Democrats in March to pass an economic-aid bill that included enhanced unemployment payments of $600 a week through July. Since, federal outlays for unemployment insurance have skyrocketed, totaling $79.7 billion over the past five weeks, according to figures tracked by the WSJ’s Anthony DeBarros.

Underscoring what is likely to be a long, difficult road for the labor market, Boeing will this week announce about 2,500 voluntary layoffs in the first phase of broader cuts triggered by the coronavirus-driven collapse of global air travel. And Amtrak is preparing to cut up to 20% of its workforce. Ridership and ticket revenue at the company have fallen by 95% since the pandemic began, Chief Executive Bill Flynn told Amtrak workers.

Lucky Seven

China set a reference rate for the yuan at its weakest point in 12 years, a signal that Beijing sees the benefits of a weaker currency as it grapples with an economic slowdown and rising tensions with Washington. The People’s Bank of China set a daily midpoint for the yuan at 7.1293 per dollar, the lowest level since February 2008. The central bank lets the onshore yuan trade in a band around this fix. The currency also trades in less tightly controlled offshore markets. The yuan broke below 7 per dollar in August, prompting President Trump to accuse Beijing of manipulating its currency, Joanne Chiu reports.

Cheers (Drink to That)

As the summer season approaches, consumers might end up paying more for their beer and soft drinks. The reason? The cost of the bubbles in the drinks is going up. Carbon dioxide is a byproduct of ethanol, which by federal mandate is mixed into gasoline to help it burn more cleanly. But fewer people are driving because of the Covid-19 lockdowns, and demand for gasoline has plunged, prompting ethanol plants to shut down. That has put pressure on the source for roughly 40% of all industrial carbon dioxide produced nationwide—a key ingredient for soft drinks and beers. Carbon-dioxide production this year has fallen by roughly 30% from last year’s levels, Vipal Monga reports.

WHAT ELSE WE’RE READING

U.S. workers have lost power. “The evidence in this paper suggests that the American economy has become more ruthless, as declining unionization, increasingly demanding and empowered shareholders, decreasing real minimum wages, reduced worker protections, and the increases in outsourcing domestically and abroad have disempowered workers–with profound consequences for the labor market and the broader economy. We argue that the reduction in workers’ ability to lay claim to rents within firms could explain the entirety of the change in the distribution of income between labor and capital in the United States in recent decades, and could also explain the rise in corporate valuations, profitability, and measured markups, as well as some of the decline in the [non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment],” Harvard’s Anna Stansbury and Lawrence Summers write.

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Original Source: blogs.wsj.com